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(Dutch page)

Environmentally Sustainable National Income (eSNI)

according to the definition by Roefie Hueting
Alongside of standard national income and “the” economic growth it is useful to have a figure for environmentally sustainable national income and sustainable economic growth. This site provides some information on eSNI. 
Foundation Foundation for research on Sustainable National Income (FSNI)
Members of the Board (PDF)
Introduction For more than forty years Dr. Hueting (1929) has worked on a framework for the estimation of a sustainable national income (SNI) as an indicator of the production level that does not threaten living conditions for future generations. In 1969, he founded the Department of Environmental Statistics at Statistics Netherlands. In 1974, he published New Scarcity and Economic Growth. More welfare through less production?, a seminal study about the greening of national income. In 1991 Jan Tinbergen and Roefie Hueting published a first rough estimate of Sustainable World Income in a paper for the 1992 Rio conference. In 1992, Statistics Netherlands and WWF published his Methodology for the Calculation of SNI. In 1999, an International Symposium on his work was held at the Academy of Sciences in Amsterdam. In 2001 the World Bank organised a seminar on the book Economic Growth and Valuation of the Environment: a Debate, which contains, among other things, an estimate of SNI for the Netherlands. Hueting presented papers on the SNI at seminars sponsored by the WB, OECD and WSSD where the delegates have strongly recommended that SNI estimates be developed for more countries. In texts before June 2007 the abbreviation "SNI" is used but henceforth "eSNI" is to be preferred since the term "sustainability" has been collecting all kinds of other aspects that are not included in Hueting's definition.
Data Excel sheet with NI and eSNI and their distance, for the Netherlands 1990, 1995 and 2000
Thesis New Scarcity and Economic Growth. More welfare through less production?, 1974, English translation North-Holland 1980 (full PDF excl. tables). While the thesis develops the notion of environmental functions and shows that their valuation is not possible, Hueting later in 1986b and 1989b finds a valuation method by using sustainability. (See the Dutch original.)
Congress Table of contents of Van Ierland et al. (2001) (Hueting Congress 1999)
Envrironmental evaluation and Sustainable National Income according to Hueting, by Hueting and De Boer, 2001, chapter 2 in Van Ierland et al. (2001) (PDF). Advised reading as the key discussion at length with the actual calculation for The Netherlands
An Appreciation of Dr. Roefie Hueting’s Ecological Work, by Robert Goodland, chapter 12 in Van Ierland et al. (2001) (PDF).
Rejoinders to symposium authors, by Roefie Hueting, chapter 13 in Van Ierland et al. (2001) (PDF). This is highly advised reading since it clarifies the many misunderstandings that frequently arise.
Theory Selected List of English publications by Roefie Hueting (1969-2013). See also the page at RePEc that mentions only a few journals.
Environmentally Sustainable National Income: Indispensable Information for Attaining Environmental Sustainability, Environmental Values, Volume 22, Number 1, February 2013 , pp. 81-100(20), Ingenta
Introduction to the theory of eSNI, a macro indicator for sustainable development
Paper for the OECD Global Project - Measuring the Progress of Societies
Conference, June 27-30 2007, Istanbul, Turkey. See also this text of the presentation.
The Theoretical Basis for Estimating SNI
Speech for the World Bank Seminar, October 1, 2001
Report of the World Bank Seminar, October 1, 2001, by J. Hecht. Cover and photograph
Why environmental sustainability can most probably not be attained with growing production (2008, rev 2009) (PDF), To appear in the Journal of Cleaner Production, paper prepared for the conference: “Economic de-growth for ecological sustainability and social equity”, Paris, 18-19 April 2008, sponsored by the European Society for Ecological Economics (with the presentation)
GNP and Market Prices: Wrong Signals for Sustainable Economic Success that Mask Environmental Destruction, by Jan Tinbergen and Roefie Hueting, In: R. Goodland, H. Daly, S. El Serafy and B. von Droste zu Hulshoff (eds.), Environmentally Sustainable Economic Development: Building on Brundtland, Ch 4: 51-57. United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization, Paris, 1991. Also published in: R. Goodland et al. (eds.), Population, Technology and Lifestyle: The Transition to Sustainability, Ch. 4: 52-62. Island Press, The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development and UNESCO, Washington, D.C., 1992. Also published in: Environmentally Sustainable Economic Development: Building on Brundtland. R. Goodland et al. (eds.), Environment Working Paper 46, The World Bank, Washington, D.C.
The concept of environmental function and its valuation, by Roefie Hueting, Lucas Reijnders, Bart de Boer, Jan Lambooy, Huib Jansen (1998), original, published in Ecological Economics 25 (1), 31-5. Correction on the Nature article by Costanza et al., with some reading notes, August 2007
Sustainability is an objective concept, by Roefie Hueting, Lucas Reijnders (1998), original, published in Ecological Economics, 27(2), 139-47
The use of the discount rate in a cost-benefit analysis for different uses of a humid tropical forest area (1991), published in Ecological Economics 3, 43-57
Broad sustainability contra sustainability: the proper construction of sustainability indicators, by Roefie Hueting and Lucas Reijnders (2004), original, also published in Ecological Economics, 50 (3-4), 249-260 
Sustainable National Income and Multiple Indicators for Sustainable Development, Bart de Boer and Roefie Hueting, in OECD Measuring sustainble development, 2004 
Sustainable National Income: A Trend Analysis for the Netherlands for 1990-2000, by M.W. Hofkes, R. Gerlagh and V. Linderhof (2004), Institute for Environmental Studies, Report R-04/02, June 28, Available at SSRN:
Sustainable National Income, by Onno Kuik, Institute for Environmental Studies (VU, Amsterdam), written for the Overview of Advanced Tools for Sustainability Assessment of the “Sustainability A-Test” project of the European Union, DG Research, see (6 April 2006).
Frequently Asked Questions on Hueting’s SNI concept  (Stauvermann 2007 PDF)
How to correct wrong information about economic growth, DeGrowth conference, Barcelona 2010 (see the oral sessions
Why environmental sustainability can most probably not be attained with growing production, Journal of Cleaner Production, Volume 18, Issue April 6 2010, pages 525-530
Environmentally Sustainable National Income and Other Ways to Improve Information About Growth - Ekologicznie zrównowa?ony dochód narodowy  i inne sposoby metody poprawy jako?ci informacji na temat wzrostu gospodarczego, PROBLEMY EKOROZWOJU – Problems of sustainable development 2011, vol. 6, no 1, 31-46 
Our planet is threatened by a wrong belief in a wrongly formulated growth, Speech for the congress Jenseits des Wachstums, Berlin May 20-22 2011 and powerpoint presentation. 
The future of the Environmentally sustainable national income, Ökologisches Wirtschaften 4 2011, p 30-35
Five Ways to Combat Misleading Information about Economic Growth, Chapter 1,  pp. 1-29, in Richard L. Bertrand (ed) (2011), Theories and Effects of Economic Growth, Nova Publishers
Contribution to "Beyond GDP", October 19 2007. See also
Update in the European Union project "Beyond GDP", Environmentally Sustainable National Income (eSNI), 
asymmetric entries and other ways to improve information about economic growth. July 2012
Sustainable national income: information for attaining sustainability, Management Research Review, Vol. 34 Iss: 11, pp.1190 - 1201
General The SNI, an indicator for environmenal sustainability (August 2006 PDF)
Three persistent myths in the environmental debate (October 1991 PDF), also published in Ecological Economics 1996, 18(2): 81-88, and Van Ierland et al. (2001:78-89)
The parable of the carpenter. Introduction for the workshop Valuation Methods for Green National Accounting: a Practical Guide, organized by The World Bank, U.N. Statistical Office and Ecological Economics, Washington, D.C., March 20-22, 1996 (PDF)
Speculating about the relationship between art and science (May 2007 PDF)
Roefie Hueting and Sustainable National Income, by Thomas Cool (2001), translation of ESB, August 24 2001, p652-653.
A Normative Justification of Roefie Hueting's Sustainable National Income, by Peter Stauvermann, draft 2005, published IJEES 2006
Sustainable National Income, A Prerequisite for Sustainability, chapter 3 in B. van der Zwaan and A. Petersen (eds), Sharing the Planet, Eburon Academic Publishers, Delft, 2003 (Pugwash book)
Innovative Statistics to Improve our Notion of Reality, by Henk van Tuinen
(Paper for the OECD Global Project - Measuring the Progress of Societies, Conference, June 27-30 2007, Istanbul, Turkey)
The Old Man and the SNI. A review of advance and adversity in Hueting’s research in sustainable national income (SNI), economic growth and the new scarcity from the environment, by Thomas Colignatus June 2008 / January 2009, MPRA 12690
Some comments w.r.t. Hueting's analysis, by Thomas Colignatus, January 31 2012, w.r.t. Hueting's article in Ökologisches Wirtschaften 4 2011, p 30-35
Focus Highlights in research
United Nations Global 500 Award in 1994
ANP about Hueting, May 2007
About This website is supported for Dr. Hueting. Contact rhig AT hetnet DOT nl